(河南 江西 甘肃 陕西 宁夏 新疆 青海 内蒙古)

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题; 每小题2分,满分30分)




Jacqueline Felic de Almania (c. 1322) highlights the suspicion that women practicing medicine faced. Born to a Jewish family in Florence she moved to Paris where she worked as a physician and performed surgery. In 1322 she was tried for practicing unlawfully. In spite of the court hearing testimonials(证明)of her ability as a doctor, she was banned from medicine.

Tan Yunxian (1461-1554) was a Chinese physician who learned her skills from her grandparents. Chinese women at the time could not serve a apprenticeships (学徒期)with doctors. However, Tan passed the official exam. Tan treated women from all walks of life. In 1511Tan wrote a book, sayings of Female Doctor, describing her life as physician.

James Barry (c. 1789-1865) was born Margaret Bulkley in Ireland but, dressed as a man, she was accepted by Edinburgh University to study medicine She qualified as a surgeon in 1813, then joined the British Army,

serving overseas. Barry retired in 1859, having practiced her entire medical profession living and working as a man.

Rebecca Lee Crumpler (1831-1895) worked as a nurse for eight years before studying in medical college in Boston in 1860. Four years later, she was the first African American woman to receive a medical degree. She moved to Virginia in 1865, where she provided medical care to freed slaves.

21. What did Jacqueline and James have in common?

A. Doing teaching jobs. B. Being hired as physicians.

C. Performing surgery. D. Being banned from medicine.

22. How was Tan Yunxian different from the other practitioners?

A. She wrote a book. B. She went through trials.

C. She worked as a dentist. D. She had formal education.

23.Who was the first African American with a medical degree?

A. Jacqueline Felice de Almania. B. Tan Yunxian.

C. James Barry. D. Rebcca Lee Crumpler.


Living in Iowa and trying to become a photographer specializing in landscape(风景)can be quite a challenge, mainly because the corn state lacks geographical variation.

Although landscapes in the Midwest tend to be quite similar either farm fields or highway, sometimes I find distinctive character in the hills or lakes. To make some of my landscape shots, I have travelled up to four hours away to shoot within 10-minture time for me, I tend to travel with a few of my friends to state parks or to the countryside to go on adventures and take photos along the way.

Being at the right place at the right time is decisive in any style of photography. I often leave early to seek the right destinations so I can set up early to avoid missing the moment I am attempting to photograph. I have missed plenty of beautiful sun sets and rises due to being on the sport only five minutes before the best moment.

One time my friends and I drove three hours t0Devil’s Lake, Wisconsin, to climb the purple quartz(石英) rock around the lake. After we found a crazy-looking road that hung over a bunch of rocks, we decided to photograph the scene at sunset. The position enabled us to look over the lake with the sunset in the background. We managed to leave this spot to climb higher because of the spare time until sunset.

However, we did not mark the route(路线)so we ended up almost missing the sunset entirely. Once we

found the place, it was stressful getting lights and cameras set up in the limited time. Still looking back

on the photos, they are some of my best shots though they could have been so much better if I would have

been prepared and managed my time wisely.

24.How does the author deal with the challenge as a landscape photographer in the Midwest?

A. By teaming up with other photographers. B. By shooting in the countryside or state parks.

C. By studying the geographical conditions. D. By creating settings in the com fields.

25. What is the key to successful landscape photography according to the author?

A. Proper time management. B. Good shooting techniques.

C. Adventurous spirit. D. Distinctive styles.

26.What can we infer from the author’s trip with friends to Devil’s Lake?

A. They went crazy with the purple quartz rock B. They felt stressed while waiting for the sunset.

C. They reached the shooting spot later than expected.

D. They had problems with their equipment.

27. How does the author find his photos taken at Devil\'s Lake?

A. Amusing. B. Satisfying. C. Encouraging. D. Comforting.


What comes into your mind when you think of British food? Probably fish and chips or a Sunday dinner of meat and two vegetables. But is British food really so uninteresting? Even though Britain has a reputation for less-than-impressive cuisine, it is producing more top class chefs who appear frequently on our television screens and whose recipe books frequently top the best seller lists.

lt\'s thanks to these TV chefs rather than any advertising campaign that Britons are turning away from meat-and-two-veg and ready-made meals and becoming more adventurous in their cooking habits. It is recently reported that the number of those sticking to a traditional diet is slowly declining and around half of Britain\'s consumers would like to change or improve their cooking in some way. There has been a rise in the number of students applying for food courses at UK universities and colleges. It seems that TV programmes have helped change what people thinking about cooking.

According to a new study from market analysts, 1 in 5 Britons say that watching cookery programmes on TV has encouraged them to try different food. Almost one third say they now use a wider variety of in- gradients(配料)than they used to, and just under 1 in 4 say they now buy better quality ingredients than before. One in four adults say that TV chefs have made them much more confident about expanding their cookery knowledge and skills, and young people are also getting more interested in cooking. The UK’s

obsession(痴迷) with food is reflected through television scheduling. Cookery shows and documentaries about food are broadcast more often than before. With an increasing number of male chefs on TV, it’s no longer "uncool" for boys to like cooking.

28. What do people usually think of British food?

A. It is simple and plain. B. It is rich in nutrition.

C. It lacks authentic tastes. D. It deserves a high reputation.

29.Which best describes cookery programmes on British TV?

A. Authoritative. B. Creative.

C. Profitable. D. Influential.

30.Which is the percentage of the people using more diverse ingredients now?

A.20%. B.24%. C.25%. D.33%.

31.What might the author continue talking about?

A. The art of cooking in other countries. B. Male chefs on TV programmes.

C. Table manners in the UK. D. Studies of big eaters.


If you want to tell the history of the whole world, a history that does not privilege one part or humanity. you cannot do it through texts alone. Because only some of the world has ever had texts, while most of the world, for most of the time, has not. Writing is one of humanity’s later achievements, and until fairly recently even many literate(有文字的)societies recorded their concerns not only in writing but in tings.

Ideally a history would bring together texts and objects, and some chapters of this book are able to do just that, but in many cases we simply can’t. The clearest example of this between literate and non-literate history is perhaps the first conflict at Botany Bay between Captain Cook\'s voyage and the Australian Aboriginals. From the English side, we have scientific reports and the captain’s record of that terrible day. From the Australian side, we have only a wooden shield(盾)dropped by a man in flight after his first experience of gunshot. If we want to reconstruct what was actually going on that day, the shield must be questioned and interpreted as deeply and strictly as the written reports.

In addition to the problem of miscomprehension from both sides, there are victories accidentally or deliberately twisted, especially when only the victors know how to write. Those who are on the losing side often have only their things to tell their stories. The Caribbean Taino. the Australian Aboriginals, the African people of Benin and the Incas all of whom appear in this book, can speak to us now of their past achievements most powerfully through the objects they made: a history told through things gives them back a voice. When we consider contact(联系)between literate and non-literate societies such as these, all our first-hand accounts are necessarily twisted, only one half of a dialogue. If we are to find the other half of that conversation, we have to read not just the texts, but the objects.

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32. What is the first paragraph mainly about?

A. How past events should be presented. B. What humanity is concerned about.

C. Whether facts speak louder than words. D. Why written language is reliable.

33. What does the author indicate by mentioning Captain Cook in paragraph 2?

A. His report was significant B. He represented the local people.

C. He ruled over Botany Bay. D. His record was one-sided.

34. What does the underlined word "conversation" in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Problem. B. History. C. Voice. D. Society.

35. Which of the following books is the text most likely selected from?

A. How Maps Tell Stories of the World B. A Short History of Australia

C. A History of the World in 100 Objects D. How Art Works Tell Stories

第二节(共5小题: 每小题2分满分10分)


Indoor plants might look as if they just sit around not doing much, but in many ways they are the unsung heroes of the home.36____________,but studies have shown that they can promote peoples wellbeing by improving their mood(心情),reducing stress and helping their memory. What’s more, indoor plants are easy to look after and are not very expensive.

What are indoor plants?

Indoor plants, also known as houseplants or pot plants, are plants that like to grow indoors. Mary of these species(物种)are not ideally suited to growing outside in the UK, especially in the winter.37____________

Why are indoor plants good for you?

Will Spoelstra, who works at the Royal Botanic Gardens, says,"38____________I find during the winter months, plants around the house can really lift your mood." Several studies have backed this up and found that indoor plants can improve creativity, focus and memory. There is also research showing that pot plants can clean the air around them by removing harmful gases such as carbon dioxide They also remove some harmful chemicals from paints orcooking.39____________

Which plants can you grow?

Aloe vera, peace lilies and spider plants are some of the species that are easy to grow indoors. You can buy plants from supermarkets, garden centres or online. Younger plants are often cheaper than fully grown ones, and you get to care for them as they mature-which is part of the joy of owning plants. "40___________" Spoelstra says. "It can bring a new interest and focus into people’s lives and help to make the link between home and nature."

A. All plants are different

B. Not only do they look beautiful

C. There are many benefits to growing plants indoors

D. Instead they grow better inside where it is warmer

E. Plants like peace lilies and devil’s ivy are among the best

F. Changing the pot of your plant from time to time will also help

G. Learning about the requirements of each plant can be very rewarding




To become the Olympic champion in the individual(个人)all-around event. Gabby Douglas had to

leave everything she 41_______ best. She had to 42_______ her bedroom in Virginia. She had to say 43_______

to her two dogs and to the beach, where she loved to 44_______ waves on her board. But it was 45_______ to

take the leap(飞跃),however46_______ it would be. Even at 14, Douglas knew that. So she 47_______ about 1,200 miles away from home, to 48_______ with a coach from China. She lived with a family she had never 49_______ and everything was new to her.

As it turned out, Douglas did 50_______ what she needed to do to become Olympic champion when she 51_______ two Russians. The Chinese coach 52_______ Douglas into one of the best gymnasts in the

53_______, helping her skyrocket from an 54_______ member of the national team to the top of the sport. By

55_______ the Olympic all-around title, she became the first black woman to do so. She 56_______ the

competition from beginning to end. She said she had felt 57_______ all along that she would win.

Not so long ago, Martha Karolyi, the coordinator(联络人)of the women’s national team, did not

think Douglas had what it 58_______ to be an Olympian. As time went by, she thought 59_______ that she

could make the London Games-and win.

"I’m going to inspire so many people," she said. "I’m ready to 60_______" And shine she did.

41.A. tried B. thought C. judge D. knew

42. A. take up B. pack up C. clean up D. do up

43.A. goodbye B. hello C. thanks D.no

44.A. cause B. observe C. ride D. strike

45.A. common B. time C. fun D. tough

46.A. breathtaking B. heartbreaking C. eye-catching D. head-spinning

47.A. dropped out B. moved on C. pulled over D. went off

48.A. reason B. talk C. compete D. train

49.A. met B. helped C. understood D. needed

50.A. approximately B. gradually C. exactly D. possibly

51.A. defeated B. pleased C. respected D. assisted

52.A. forced B. transformed C. persuaded D. put

53.A. world B. city C. team D. state

54.A. amateur B. elected C. average D. enthusiastic

55.A. clarifying B. defending C. winning D. demanding

56.A. followed B. organized C. watched D. led

57.A. confident B. nervous C. excited D. uneasy

58.A. viewed B. appeared C. mattered D. took

59.A. now and then B. more and more C. far and wide D. on and on

60.A. shine B. fly C. dance D. score

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Beijing is a city bridging the ancient and the modern. From Buddhist temples to museums, narrow Hutong

61__________ royal palaces, it is home to more than 3,000 years of glorious history even down to its layout, with the city keeping its carefully 62__________ (build)system of ring roads.

But for all its ancient buildings, Beijing is also a place 63__________welcomes the fast-paced development of modern life, with 21st-centuryarchitectural 64 __________ (wonder)standing side by side with historical buildings of the past.

It is a distinct visual contrast(反差)that shouldn’t work,65__________ somehow these two very different

worlds make a good combination.66__________ (visit) several times over the last 10 years, 67__________ (amaze) by the co-existence of old and new, and how a city was able to keep such a rich heritage (遗产) while constantly growing. As a photographer, I have spent the last two years 68__________ (record)everything I dis covered.

The 69__________ (remark)development of this city, which is consciously designed to protect the past

while stepping into the modern world,70 __________ (mean)there is always something new to discover here,

and I could be photographing Beijing for the next 50 years.



假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(().并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;


Last Friday my mom decided to color his hair. She studied with all the hair products at the drugstore. The color she choose came in a box which had a picture of a woman that hair color looked just perfect. Mom was sure same color would look great on her. She put the new color on her hair or sat sill for 30 minutes, just as the directions saying.

However, instead of the brownish red hair she had hoped for, she final got purple hair. She went right into the shower to washing it, but it was no use. At least one thing proved truth: the color wouldn’t wash out.



1. 简要描述;



1.词数100 左右;







to 62. Built 63. Which/that 64. Wonders 65. But

66. Having been 67. Was amazed 68. recording 69. remarkable


His—her 去掉with choose----chose that---whose 加the or---- but

Saying---say final-----finally washing-----wash truth---true


The new skill I acquired was skating. The process is challenging but productive.

Initially, on watching the Winter Olympics Games in Beijing, I became enthusiastic about skating. From then on, I was determined to master this fascinating sport. However, at the very beginning, when I stepped on the ice, I stumbled over myself. Hard as I strive, I still fell over again and again. The moment I thought of the athletes on the field, I was inspired by their powerful spirits. Eventually, my persistence and painstaking efforts paid off. I can skate freely all by myself.

From the learning experience, I fully understand that only by diligent practicing can we overcome many kinds of difficulties. And eventually, we can have a good command of what we desire to learn.

(129 words)


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